Wind Energy Reference Manual Part 5: Environment and Fuels
Energy Content of Fuels *)
GJ per tonne
North Sea Crude Oil
42.7
LPG (Liquefied petroleum gas: Propane, Butane)
46.0
Petrol (Gasoline)
43.8
JP1 (Jet aircraft fuel)
43.5
Diesel / Light Fuel oil
42.7
Heavy Fuel Oil
40.4
Orimulsion
28.0
Natural Gas
39.3 per 1000 Nm 3
Steam Coal
24.5
Other Coal
26.5
Straw
14.5
Wood chips
14.7
Household Waste 1995
10.0
Household Waste 1996
9.4
CO 2 -Emissions from Fuels *)
kg CO 2 per GJ
kg CO 2 per kg fuel
Petrol (Gasoline)
73.0
3.20
Diesel / Light Fuel oil
74.0
3.16
Heavy Fuel Oil
78.0
3.15
Orimulsion
76.0
2.13
Natural Gas (methane)
56.9
2.74
Coal
95.0
2.33 (steam coal) 2.52 (other)
*) Conversion factors provided by the Danish Energy Agency
© Copyright 1997-2003 Danish Wind Industry Association
Updated 12 May 2003
http://www.windpower.org/en/stat/unitsenv.htm
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